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David During the Reign of Saul

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Bethlehem (Samuel)

Having rejected Saul as God’s chosen king, Samuel goes secretly to Bethlehem and anoints Jesse’s youngest son David as king. Samuel then returns to Ramah.

1 Sam 16:1-13



David goes to the royal court at Gibeah to play the lyre for Saul, who is feeling increasingly depressed. David is soon promoted to become one of Saul’s trusted armor bearers.

1 Sam 16:14-23



Later that year (in c.1012BC), David kills the Philistine champion, Goliath of Gath, with a slingshot at Ephes Dammim, near Beth Shemesh in the Elah Valley (between Jerusalem and Ashkelon). The Israelites pursue the fleeing Philistines to Gath and the gates of Ekron.

1 Sam 17:1-58


Location Unknown

David is promoted to a high-ranking position in Saul’s army and becomes a close friend of Saul’s son Jonathan. He is given the hand of the king’s daughter Michal as a reward for killing two hundred Philistines. However, Saul soon becomes jealous of David and plots to kill him.

1 Sam 18:1-30



Saul sends his men to kill David, but David escapes from Gibeah and flees to Samuel at Ramah. Saul pursues David but is prevented by God from harming him.

1 Sam 19:1-18



David flees to the sanctuary at Nob, where he seeks out the priest for some food. As there is no ordinary bread available, Ahimelech gives David and his men the consecrated ‘shewbread’ to eat. (The ‘shewbread’ was a permanent display of twelve loaves, showing God’s bountiful provision of the staple food of the Israelites.) David seeks refuge with the Philistine king of Gath.

1 Sam 21:1-15



David defeats the Philistines at Keilah then escapes and hides from Saul at Horesh, near Ziph in the Judaean wilderness.

1 Sam 23:1-23


En Gedi

David hides in the caves at En Gedi (meaning the ‘spring of the goats’) near the Wild Goat Crags – in the desert overlooking the Dead Sea.

1 Sam 24:1-2


Desert of Paran

David goes south to the Desert of Maon (Paran), south of Hebron (see 11 on Map 55). He sends some of his men to request food from Nabal, a wealthy man who lives at Carmel in Judah and owns large flocks of sheep and goats that David’s army has been protecting. Nabal refuses, but his wife, Abigail, averts further conflict by bringing food for David’s men.

When Nabal dies shortly afterward, David marries Abigail.

1 Sam 25:2-44



David spares Saul’s life once again when he creeps at night into Saul’s camp at the Hill of Hakilah near Jeshimon in the Judaean wilderness (the Desert of Ziph)

1 Sam 26:1-25



David and his men escape and become mercenary soldiers employed by the Philistine king of Gath. David and his Hebrew mercenaries are given a base at Ziklag.

1 Sam 27:1-12



David is sent back to Ziklag which has been attacked by the Amalekites. David pursues the Amalekite raiding party across the Negev Desert beyond the Besor Ravine and defeats them. David recovers everything the Amalekites have taken – including his two wives.

1 Sam 30:1-31

Foundation – Google Earth | Geolocation Coordinates – Open Bible | Event Summary – The Bible Journey | Scripture Links – Bible Gateway

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